Oral health is important to maintain overall health status. If you follow healthy dietary habits (less sugary diet), you are likely to prevent tooth cavities. It also lessens further oral health complications. Usually, tooth decay is left untreated because it is not diagnosed. It adds to oral bad health. You can also suffer tooth loss issues. So, it is necessary to know if you have a tooth cavity.
Before discussing the signs and symptoms of the tooth cavity, let’s first discuss what is cavity. Do you know about plaque? How does it build up in your mouth? The food you intake contains bacteria as well that build up in your teeth. This bacteria accumulation in the form of plaque leads to acid production and further causes enamel erosion. That is why it is advised to brush teeth twice or after meals so plaque accumulation can be prevented. If you don’t brush your teeth and plaque continues to build up, cavities form. Now, there is a hole in the affected teeth. If cavities are not managed in time, it leads to gum infections that may spread to the bloodstream and proves to be fatal in the long term.
The oral cavity parts that are at high risk of developing plaque are molars (chewing surfaces), and the bottom of the tooth.
The foods that increase the risk of developing cavities are dried fruits, soda, chips, candies, and other sugary foods.
Signs of a cavity
Detecting cavity formation early can save you from later tooth complications. Next given are a few signs that indicate the development of cavities.
1. Sensitive teeth and gums
If a hot or cold intake causes teeth sensitivity, then you should be cautious. It may signal that you have developed a cavity. On enamel erosion, the dentin layer gets damaged. So, when your dentin layer is exposed directly to hot and cold foods, it triggers the nerve inside the tooth. This is how you experience sensitivity.
2. Lingering sensitivity to sweets
It is not just hot and cold sensitivity that signals the presence of cavities but also a lingering sensitivity to sweets signals the same. The pathophysiology is the same as the sensitivity to temperatures, enamel erosion, and dentin exposure.
3. Tooth pain
If you are experiencing continuous pain in the teeth, you should think of having cavities. It is taken as the most often experienced symptom of the cavity. In some situations, the patient has sudden pain onset, or it starts immediately when you chew something. It involves anything like pain in or around the oral cavity.
4. Discoloration or stains on teeth
Certain foods may leave stains on your teeth. If you have a cavity, it may look like a white, brown, or black spot on the teeth. If the cavity is a white spot, you can cure it, if left untreated, it turns brown or black.
As you consider your physical health important, consider oral health also important. You should arrange regular appointments with the dentist to trace the developing issues.